David Cameron: The ups and downs of his leadership as he prepares to bow out

David Cameron. Picture by PA.David Cameron. Picture by PA.
David Cameron. Picture by PA.
The David Cameron era will come to a close today after he gives his last ever Prime Minister's Questions before officially clearing the way for Theresa May.

Here's a look at some of the things which have gone up and down under his leadership:


:: The population of the UK has risen from 62,759,500 in 2010 to 65,110,000 in 2015, according to the latest figures from the Office for National Statistics (ONS). This is an increase of 3.7%.

Hide Ad
Hide Ad

:: Net migration to the UK was 244,000 in the year to June 2010. In the year to December 2015 - the latest figures from the ONS - it was 333,000. The number fell during Mr Cameron's early years as prime minister, reaching 154,000 in the year to September 2012. It then began to rise in 2013, hitting a record high of 336,000 in the year to March 2015.

:: The average UK house price has gone up from £170,846 in May 2010 to £209,054 in April 2016, according to the ONS. This is an increase of 22%.

:: Tax-free personal allowances - one of the flagship reforms of the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition - have gone up in size by over two-thirds, from £6,475 in 2010-11 to £11,000 in 2016-17. That's an increase of £4,525.

:: There were 31.59 million people in employment in the UK in the three months to April 2016: 2.45 million more than when Mr Cameron became prime minister. The ONS estimates the current employment rate (the proportion of people aged from 16 to 64 in work) to be 74.2%: the joint highest since comparable records began in 1971.

Hide Ad
Hide Ad

:: The size of the UK's national debt has soared under David Cameron, from £1 trillion in May 2010 to £1.61 trillion in May 2016. When expressed as percentage of the UK's economic growth (GDP), debt has increased from 71.7% in 2010-11 to the current level of 83.7%. (This is net debt, according to the ONS, and excludes public sector banks.)

:: David Cameron has increased steadily the proportion of UK cabinet posts held by women, from 14% in his first cabinet to 33% today - the highest percentage in history.

:: The number of adults in the UK who use the internet regularly has climbed from around four in five in 2011 (79%) to almost nine in 10 today (88%). Almost every person aged 16-24 is now online (99%), according to the ONS. The equivalent number for people aged 75 and over is 39%, up from 20% in 2011.


:: Unemployment has fallen from 2.51 million in the three months to May 2010 to 1.67 million in the three months to April 2016. According to the Office for National Statistics (ONS) the unemployment rate is 5% - the lowest since the three months to October 2005.

Hide Ad
Hide Ad

:: The price of a litre of unleaded petrol was 121.3p in the week David Cameron became prime minister. The latest price, according to the Department of Energy & Climate Change (DECC), is 111.9p. Prices rose during the early years of Mr Cameron's premiership but have fallen more recently.

:: The value of the pound against the US dollar has dropped by roughly 10% since May 2010 - with the steepest fall occurring since the EU referendum on June 23. When MrCameron became prime minister £1 was worth 1.45 dollars; it is now worth about 1.31 dollars.

:: The size of the Government deficit (also known as the amount of government borrowing) is currently £74.9 billion, according to the ONS. This is down from £154.8 billion just before Mr Cameron took office in May 2010.

:: Greenhouse gas emissions have been reduced steadily during the past six years. In January-March 2016 total emissions were estimated by the DECC to be 483.0 million tonnes, down from 588.2 million tonnes in April-June 2010.

Hide Ad
Hide Ad

:: The rate of increase in the cost of living, as measured by CPI inflation, has gone down from 3.4% in May 2010 to 0.3% in May 2016. Inflation has remained close to and sometimes below zero for much of the last 18 months of Mr Cameron's premiership.

:: 241,000 working days were lost through strikes in the year to April 2016, according to the ONS. This is down from 722,000 days in the year to May 2010. Working days lost through industrial disputes have been at historically low levels throughout Mr Cameron's time as prime minister. The exceptions were one-day strikes on November 30 2011 and July 10 2014 relating to changes to pension schemes and pay for some public sector workers.

:: The top rate of income tax has fallen from 50% in 2010-11 to its current level of 45%. Both the standard rate of 20% and the higher rate of 40% have remained the same throughout Mr Cameron's premiership.